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Newsletter  2014.11  Index

Theme : "Mechanical Engineering Congress, 2014 Japan (MECJ-14) Part 1"

  1. Preface
    (T. Sanada, H. Yokoyama, I. Kinefuchi)
  2. Turbulent momentum, heat and mass transfer across air-sea interface at high-wind speeds
    Satoru KOMORI (Kyoto University)
  3. EFD Workshop: Measurement Error, Uncertainty Analysis and Noise Reduction Techniques in Flow Measurements
    Hitoshi ISHIKAWA (Tokyo University of Science)
  4. Technical subject of flow separation detection toward aerodynamic performance improvement of turbine blade
    Takehiko SEGAWA, Yasuchika YUKI (AIST)
  5. Particle image velocimetry for high speed air flow and uncertainty
    Shunsuke KOIKE (JAXA)
  6. Error factors and important reminders in the air-flow measurements
    Osamu TERASHIMA (Nagoya University)

 

Error Factors and Important Reminders in the Air-flow Measurements


Osamu Terashima
Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Nagoya University

 

Abstract

In this work shop, the error factors and important reminders in the air-flow measurements are presented. Firstly, those in the measurement of the velocity by means of the hot-wire anemometry is shown. In the measurement of the velocity fluctuation by HWA, frequency response of the HWA is very important and it requires considerable attention. It depends on not only the temperature of the air-flow but also for the electrical circuit of the HWA and the diameter of hot-wire. Secondly, those in the measurement of the pressure fluctuation by means of the pressure probe is shown. The frequency response of the pressure probe in the pressure fluctuation measurement is decreased by the occurrence of the Helmholtz and Organ-pipe resonances. Therefore, in the pressure fluctuation measurement, the preliminary experiment to check the frequency response of the pressure probe is needed. Finally, those in the measurement of the wall-shear stress with the micro-fabricated hot-film and floating-element sensors are shown. In the measurement with the micro-fabricated hot-film sensor, we should take account with the heat capacity of the substrate which causes the decrease of the frequency response. In addition, static electricity and electrical noise to be paid attentions because they cause the decrease of the measurement accuracy with the floating-element wall-shear stress sensor.

 

Key words

Flow Measurement, Error Factor, Hot-wire Anemometer, Pressure Tube, Wall-shear Stress Sensor

 

Figures


Fig. 1 Frequency response of HWA


Fig. 2 Photograph of the probe for the measurement
of three components of velocity



Fig. 3 Schematic view of the pressure probe



Fig. 4 Amplitude ratio of the measured pressure fluctuation by the pressure probe



Fig. 5 Phase difference of the measured pressure
     fluctuation by the pressure probe.



Fig. 6 Perspective view of the Hot-film sensor



Fig. 7 Photograph of the heaters of the Hot-film sensor



Fig. 8 Top view of the Floating-element sensor



Fig. 9 Perspective view of Floating-element sensor

Last update: 11.1.2014