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Newsletter  2015.2  Index

Theme : "The Conference of Fluid Engineering Division"

  1. Preface
    M.Oshima, D. Sakaguchi, Y. Takahashi
  2. Aeronautical Industry Overview and Brief Introduction of Fluid-related R&D Activities at JAXA
    Kazuhiro NAKAHASHI (Institute of Aeronautical Technology, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)
  3. 3D flow configuration of multiple circular impinging jets
    Yoshiyasu ICHIKAWA (Tokyo University of Science)

  4. Relationship between Flow characteristics and Shear-banding on step shear in wormlike micellar solutions
    Masatoshi ITO (Nagaoka University of Technology)
  5. Effect of a Sinusoidal Riblet on Advection of Vortices in Wall Turbulence
    Monami SASAMORI, Hiroya MAMORI, Kaoru IWAMOTO, Akira MURATA (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology)
  6. Highly temporal analysis of underwater streamers with a streak camera
    Hidemasa FUJITA (Tohoku University)
  7. Digital holographic particle measurement using deconvolution and its application
    Yuto ASAI (Graduate School of Kyoto Institute of Technology), Shigeru MURATA, Yohsuke TANAKA (Kyoto Institute of Technology)
  8. The Soap Bubbles Art
    Megumi Akashi (Hokkaido University)
  9. The Dream Aquarium
    Daichi SAITO, Tomonari Sato (Hokkaido University)


3D flow configuration of multiple circular impinging jets

Yoshiyasu ICHIKAWA
Tokyo University of Science




Impinging jets are one of the most industrially essential cooling methods, for example, the gas turbine blades, drying and annealing processes, and electronic devices. Usually, jets are configured for a specific purpose, but the flow tends to be very complicated as each jet interacts with the others, especially near the impingement surface. There is still much unknown regarding the relationship between flow configuration and heat and mass transfer characteristics. The purpose of this study is to investigate the detailed three-dimensional flow behavior of a square array of circular impinging jets with complicated interaction and the relationship between the flow field and heat transfer on the wall.

The flow field was measured by scanning stereoscopic particle image velocimetry by changing the impinging distance L/D and jet-to-jet spacing S/D. Details of the flow features such as the vortex rings and roll-up structure toward the nozzle plate generated through the interaction of jets were obtained. It was also observed that the sizes of vortex rings and roll-up depend on L/D and S/D. From yz plane visualization, the near-wall flow and its interaction and separation points were indicated.

The temperature of the impingement surface was obtained by the thermosensitive liquid crystal method to correlate the flow field with heat transfer characteristics. The Nusselt number distribution is associated with the velocity component u that is the perpendicular to the wall and the decay in the fluctuations of velocity indicated by RMS between adjacent jets at near-wall. It is concluded that the spatial distribution of heat transfer condition is correlated to the flow field near the impingement surface.


Key words

Impinging jet, 3D flow configuration, Particle image velocimetry, Heat transfer



Fig. 1 Experimental system. (a) Nozzle plate and (b) scanning stereoscopic PIV setup.

Fig. 2 Three-dimensional flow field of multiple circular impinging jets under L/D = S/D = 4. Measurement area is shown in Fig. 1(a)

Fig. 3 Flow configuration in yz plane near impingement wall (x/D = 3.8).

Fig. 4 Near wall velocity component (u, v, w) under L/D = 4, S/D = 4 at (a) z/D = 0 and (b) z/D = 2.

Fig. 5 Nu distribution under L/D = 4, S/D = 4 at (a) z/D = 0 and (b) z/D = 2.

Fig. 6 RMS distribution near wall at z/D = 0 under (a) S/D = 4 and (b) S/D = 6.

Fig. 7 Nu distribution at z/D = 0 under (a) S/D = 4 and (b) S/D = 6.

Last update: 2.19.2015