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Newsletter  2016.11  Index

Theme : "Mechanical Engineering Congress, 2016 Japan (MECJ-16)"

  1. Preface
  2. Counter-Rotating Type Turbo-Unit Leaving to Markets
    Toshiaki KANEMOTO (Saga University)
  3. Characteristics of Non-equilibrium Grid Turbulence and Scalar Transfer Mechanism
    Yasuhiko SAKAI, Koji Nagata, Yasumasa Ito, Tomoaki Watanabe, Koji Iwano (Nagoya University)
  4. New developments in study of complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University), Takatsune NARUMI (Niigata University), Shigeomi CHONO (Kochi University of Technology)
  5. Bio-related-particle suspensions as complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University)
  6. Energy transfer and drag reduction in the fluid diluted with non-affine polymers
    Kiyosi HORIUTI (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
  7. EFD workshop: optical measurement technique in fluid dynamics
    Masaki FUCHIWAKI (Kyushu Institute of Technology), Shouichiro IIO (Shinshu University), Ayumu  INASAWA (Tokyo Metropolitan University), Satoshi KIKUCHI (Gifu University)
  8. Instantaneous 3D-CT(Computer Tomography) measurements with instantaneous multi-directional photography for unsteady flame/flow phenomena; and 3D printing of 3D reconstructed distributions
    Yojiro ISHINO (Nagoya Institute of Technology)
  9. Simultaneous Measurement of Velocity and Heat Transfer in Unsteady Flow and Thermal Fields near the Wall Region
    Shunsuke YAMADA, Hajime NAKAMURA (National Defense Academy)


Bio-related-particle suspensions as complex fluids

Osaka Electro-Communication University



Complex fluids are defined as fluids that have mesoscopic inner structures, and change in the structures induced by flow causes complicated flow behaviors. Microorganisms swim in a solvent according to environmental conditions such as light intensity, gravity, and chemical concentration and form certain structures depending on circumstantial environment. This property is similar to the flow-induced structure of complex fluids, which motivated us to model bio-related-particle suspensions using the methodology of the analysis for complex fluids. Here we introduced two approaches, i.e. continuum and particle-based approaches.

In the continuum approach, pressure-driven flows of a phototactic microalgae suspension in a circular channel illuminated from its outer side were numerically analyzed. Microalgae were modeled by active phototactic particles. The light intensity distribution in the tube was computed based on the Lambert-Beer law. The phototactic behavior of the microalgae was described using a phototaxis function. Furthermore, the volume-fraction dependence of the suspension viscosity was expressed by the Krieger-Dougherty model.

The number density distribution changed with the illumination intensity according to their phototactic behavior and remarkably affected the velocity profile. Non-uniformity in apparent viscosity due to the algal distribution produced an anomalous velocity profile (Fig.1).

In the particle-based approach, the multi-particle collision dynamics (MPCD) was applied to the simulation of phototactic microalgae suspensions. The MPCD has been successfully used for the numerical simulation of complex fluids such as polymers and colloidal suspensions. In the present simulation, microalgae were also modeled by active phototactic particles, and the interaction among microalgae and solvent was computed based on the MPCD simulation. The light intensity distribution was computed according to the Lambert-Beer law, and the phototaxis function was used to model phototactic behavior of the microalgae.

The present model has been applied to the simulations of flows between parallel plates and bio-convection. An example of the results of MPCD simulations of bio-convection in a phototactic microalgae suspension is indicated in Fig.2.


Key words

complex fluids, phototactic microalgae suspensions, phototaxis, MPCD



Fig. 1 Temporal changes in velocity profile νz*/Vm and number density n* of flows of a microalgae suspension in a circular tube channel.

Fig. 2 Example of numerical results of MPCD simulation of bio-convection in a phototactic microalgae suspension: Snapshot of velocity field.

Last update: 11.2.2016