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Theme : "Mechanical Engineering Congress, 2016 Japan (MECJ-16)"

  1. Preface
  2. Counter-Rotating Type Turbo-Unit Leaving to Markets
    Toshiaki KANEMOTO (Saga University)
  3. Characteristics of Non-equilibrium Grid Turbulence and Scalar Transfer Mechanism
    Yasuhiko SAKAI, Koji Nagata, Yasumasa Ito, Tomoaki Watanabe, Koji Iwano (Nagoya University)
  4. New developments in study of complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University), Takatsune NARUMI (Niigata University), Shigeomi CHONO (Kochi University of Technology)
  5. Bio-related-particle suspensions as complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University)
  6. Energy transfer and drag reduction in the fluid diluted with non-affine polymers
    Kiyosi HORIUTI (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
  7. EFD workshop: optical measurement technique in fluid dynamics
    Masaki FUCHIWAKI (Kyushu Institute of Technology), Shouichiro IIO (Shinshu University), Ayumu  INASAWA (Tokyo Metropolitan University), Satoshi KIKUCHI (Gifu University)
  8. Instantaneous 3D-CT(Computer Tomography) measurements with instantaneous multi-directional photography for unsteady flame/flow phenomena; and 3D printing of 3D reconstructed distributions
    Yojiro ISHINO (Nagoya Institute of Technology)
  9. Simultaneous Measurement of Velocity and Heat Transfer in Unsteady Flow and Thermal Fields near the Wall Region
    Shunsuke YAMADA, Hajime NAKAMURA (National Defense Academy)


Characteristics of Non-equilibrium Grid Turbulence and Scalar Transfer Mechanism

Yasuhiko Sakai, 
Koji Nagata, 
Yasumasa Ito,
Tomoaki Watanabe,
Koji Iwano

Nagoya University



In this report, two topics are presented. One is the effects of grid geometry on dissipation and non-equilibrium turbulence, and another is an implicit large eddy simulation of a scalar mixing layer in fractal grid turbulence.

As for the first topic, a total 11 grids in four families, including single- and multi-scale grids (Fig. 1(b)), are tested to investigate the development and decay characteristics of grid-generated turbulence. Special attention has been paid to dissipation and non-equilibrium characteristics in the decay region. It is shown that the combination of a large square grid and inhomogeneously arranged smaller grids produces an elongated non-equilibrium region (Fig. 2). In the second topic, we show the simulation results of a scalar mixing layer in fractal grid turbulence by the implicit large eddy simulation (ILES) using low-pass filtering as an implicit subgrid-scale model. The square-type fractal grid with three fractal iterations (N = 3) is used for generating turbulence. Near the fractal grid, the scalar mixing layer rapidly develops just behind the largest grid bars owing to the vertical turbulent transport (Fig. 3). The scalar mixing layer near the fractal grid also develops outside the largest grid bars because the scalar is transported between the outside and back of the largest grid bars by the spanwise turbulent transport (Fig. 4(a), (b)). In the downstream region, the scalar mixing layer develops more rapidly near the grid centerline by the vertical turbulent transport and by the spanwise one which transports the scalar between the back of the largest grid bars and both the centerline and outer edge of the fractal grid (Fig. 4(c), (d)). Then, the mean scalar profile becomes close to be homogeneous in the spanwise direction.


Key words

Turblence, Dissipation, Non-equilibrium region, Transport, Scalar mixing



Fig.1 (a) Test section of wind tunnel and (b)test grids



Fig.2 Lu/λ vs Reλ  (a)FGs, (b)RGs, (c)CRGs, (d)FG4 and QFG

Fig.3 Three dimensional visualization of a scalar mixing layer. The isosurface of ϕ=0.5 is shown with a color which represents vertical scalar flux νϕ. The isosurface of second invariant of the resolved velocity gradient tensor (Q>0) is shown by blue.

Fig.4 Cross-sectional profiles of turbulent diffusion term

(a) vertical direction Tx =-∂<ν'ϕ'>/∂y at x/L0=1.8 ;
(b) horizontal direction  Tz =-∂<w'ϕ'>/∂z at x/L0=1.8 ;
(c) vertical direction Tx =-∂<ν'ϕ'>/∂y at x/L0=3.6 ;
(d) horizontal direction Tz =-∂<w'ϕ'>/∂z at x/L0=3.6 ;
Last Update:11.2.2016