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Newsletter  2016.11  Index

Theme : "Mechanical Engineering Congress, 2016 Japan (MECJ-16)"

  1. Preface
  2. Counter-Rotating Type Turbo-Unit Leaving to Markets
    Toshiaki KANEMOTO (Saga University)
  3. Characteristics of Non-equilibrium Grid Turbulence and Scalar Transfer Mechanism
    Yasuhiko SAKAI, Koji Nagata, Yasumasa Ito, Tomoaki Watanabe, Koji Iwano (Nagoya University)
  4. New developments in study of complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University), Takatsune NARUMI (Niigata University), Shigeomi CHONO (Kochi University of Technology)
  5. Bio-related-particle suspensions as complex fluids
    Takehiro YAMAMOTO (Osaka Electro-Communication University)
  6. Energy transfer and drag reduction in the fluid diluted with non-affine polymers
    Kiyosi HORIUTI (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
  7. EFD workshop: optical measurement technique in fluid dynamics
    Masaki FUCHIWAKI (Kyushu Institute of Technology), Shouichiro IIO (Shinshu University), Ayumu  INASAWA (Tokyo Metropolitan University), Satoshi KIKUCHI (Gifu University)
  8. Instantaneous 3D-CT(Computer Tomography) measurements with instantaneous multi-directional photography for unsteady flame/flow phenomena; and 3D printing of 3D reconstructed distributions
    Yojiro ISHINO (Nagoya Institute of Technology)
  9. Simultaneous Measurement of Velocity and Heat Transfer in Unsteady Flow and Thermal Fields near the Wall Region
    Shunsuke YAMADA, Hajime NAKAMURA (National Defense Academy)


Simultaneous Measurement of Velocity and Heat Transfer in Unsteady Flow and Thermal Fields near the Wall Region

Shunsuke YAMADA,

National Defense Academy



The problem of heat transfer has both practical and technical interest such as global warming, the effective utilization of energy resources and the increasing of heat flux density at the chip level in electronics package. The separated and reattachment flow appears in the inside of the thermal fluid machine due to the step of the internal wall and the adverse pressure gradient. So the cooling and driving efficiency decreases by the recirculation region. The unsteady characteristics of the flow and thermal fluctuations are observed around the separation and reattachment point, and this mechanism is very complex. It is important to clarify the relationship between the unsteady velocity and heat transfer fluctuations from transition to turbulent flow region. In the present study, simultaneous measurement of flow and heat transfer fluctuations downstream a backward facing step in the near-wall region is presented. The instantaneous flow and convective heat transfer profiles were experimentally measured using two-dimensional, three-component (2D-3C) PIV system and a high-speed infrared thermography (IRT) combined system at the same time as shown in Figure 1. Using this measurement system, the unsteady flow behaviour in the vicinity of the heated wall and the heat transfer on the heated wall were investigated at the Reynolds number range of 2.5 × 103, which is based on the step height, H = 19 mm and main stream velocity, u0. Figure 2(a) to 2(c) show the instantaneous distribution of the streamwise, transverse and spanwise velocity, u/u0, v/u0 and w/u0 at y/H = 0.06 in xz cross section and heat transfer coefficient, h [W/m2K]. The solid and dash lines present the positive and negative of the velocity value. In Figure 2(b), the increasing of the heat transfer corresponds to the negative value of the transverse velocity spatially. However, the spatially corresponding relationship between the streamwise and spanwise velocities and heat transfer coefficient are not confirmed in this region. The results showed that the downwash flow appears to enhance the heat transfer in the near-wall region.


Key words

Stereoscopic PIV, Infrared thermography, Simultaneous measurement, Backward Facing Step



Fig.1 Schematic diagram of camera arrangement

(a) Streamwise velocity (b) Transverse velocity  (c) Spanwise velocity

Fig. 2 Corresponding relationship between Instantaneous flow and heat transfer
(ReH = 2.5 × 103, y/H = 0.06)

Last Update:11.2.2016