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Newsletter  2019.3  Index

Theme : "The Conference of Fluid Engineering Division"

  1. Preface
  2. Development and launch of sounding rockets and development status of small launch vehicle by Japanese startup company
    Takahiro INAGAWA (Interstellar Technologies Inc.)
  3. Experimental quantification of friction drag reduction effects on an airfoil using uniform blowing
    Kaoruko ETO, Yusuke KONDO, Koji FUKAGATA (Keio University)and Naoko TOKUGAWA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)
  4. Wind-tunnel experiments of friction drag reduction on an airfoil using passive blowing
    Shiho HIROKAWA, Kaoruko ETO, Yusuke KONDO, Koji FUKAGATA (Keio University)and Naoko 
    TOKUGAWA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)
  5. A Study on Airfoil Flow and Aerodynamic Noise with Wake-boundary layer Interaction
    Noriaki KOBAYASHI (The University of Tokyo)
  6. LES Analysis of Stator Cascade Flow in a Transonic Axial Compressor
    Seishiro SAITO (Kyushu University)
  7. Influence of grid resolution in large-eddy simulation of a turbulent pipe flow using the WALE model
    Daiki IWASA, Yusuke NABAE, Koji FUKAGATA (Keio University)
  8. The Dreams of Flow Contest
    Tomomi TERADA (Hokkaido University)  
  9. Separation of floating waste by "Water Surface Control Device"
    Toshiki HOMMA  (Meisei University)


Experimental quantification of friction drag reduction effects on an airfoil using uniform blowing

Kaoruko ETO
Keio University
Yusuke KONDO
Keio University
Keio University
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


Effects of uniform blowing on an airfoil are investigated experimentally aiming at turbulent friction drag reduction. We use the 0.65 m×0.55 m low-turbulence wind tunnel in Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and its schematic is shown in Fig. 1. The uniform blowing is applied on the rear part of the upper surface (i.e. suction side). In order to examine the control effects, velocity measurements on the airfoil by a hot-wire anemometry are conducted. The experiment is carried out at the Reynolds numbers based on the chord length of Rec = 0.65 × 106 and 1.5 × 106. Figure 2 shows the mean velocity profiles in the control region. It is found that the mean velocity profiles are shifted away from the airfoil surface. This result suggests that the velocity gradient on the airfoil surface is reduced by uniform blowing. We have also attempted a quantitative assessment of the friction drag reduction rate. This is not straightforward because the velocity in the surface proximity, which is needed for a quantification of friction drag, cannot be measured directly by the present hot-wire. Therefore, we rely on two methods based on the mean velocity profiles in the boundary layer: the modified Clauser-chart method (MCCM) and the method using the wall law with a pressure gradient (WL). In each assessment method, the fitting of the mean velocity to the modified Clauser chart and the law of the wall with a pressure gradient is conducted, respectively. The sample results are shown in Fig. 3. Through these assessments, it is found that these methods are consistent with each other and the local friction drag is suppressed effectively as shown in Fig. 4. From these investigations, it is confirmed that 21% - 66% of the local friction drag is reduced by this control; namely, the uniform blowing is found to be effective for friction drag reduction also on the airfoil.

Key words

Active control, Drag reduction, Uniform blowing, Airfoil, Wind-tunnel experiment, Adverse pressure gradient


Fig. 1: Schematic of the test section.

Fig. 2: Mean velocity profiles in the control region (α = 0°, Rec = 0.65 × 106):
(a) x/c = 0.65; (b) x/c = 0.70; (c) x/c = 0.75; (d) x/c = 0.80.

Fig. 3: Sample results of the velocity fitting in the quantitative assessment (α = 0°, Rec = 1.5 × 106, x/c = 0.70):
(a) Modified Clauser chart method; (b) Quantification using the wall law with pressure gradient.

Fig. 4: Skin friction coefficients cf as a function of streamwise coordinate x.

Last Update:3.20.2019